Luxembourg City manages to find a beautiful balance between its rich history while combining the modern elements of an international one. This blend of past and present, together with its authentic and contemporary architecture, has come to form its identity and appeal. Remnants of the past however tip the scales when it comes to sites on the World Heritage List as the old city and its fortifications have earned a well-deserved place on the list since 1994.
The city’s eventful history has to do with its strategic location between France and Germany and her defences. These fortifications were continually expanded over the years by different kings, emperors and other commanders from Italy, France, Spain, Germany and a few other smaller European countries. The architecture and military significance of these fortifications have come to determine the uniqueness of Luxembourg, rightfully earning their place on the World Heritage List. The fortresses are also known as the casemates of Luxembourg and represent a prime example of military architecture in Europe.